0049 941 / 56 76 460

Climate & nature in the Cilento

The Cilento has, so far, not been overrun by mass tourism - it is still a largely intact 'piece of nature'.

The climate there is agreeable all year round. You can go swimming in the sea from the end of April to the beginning of November. Low season is the best time for hiking.

 

 

 

Climate & nature in the Cilento

The Cilento has, so far, not been overrun by mass tourism - it is still a largely intact 'piece of nature'.

The climate there is agreeable all year round. You can go swimming in the sea from the end of April to the beginning of November. Low season is the best time for hiking.

 

 

Pleasant Mediterranean climate

The Cilento marks the beginning of Italy's southernmost climate zone. Even during the hot summer months of July and August, however, winds from the mountains, where the air is drier, often provide for an agreeable climate. Temperatures are mild in winter, too.

You can go swimming in the sea from end of April to the beginning of November. Low season with mild and pleasant air and water temperatures is ideal for hiking tours.

Climate chart

temperature day, temperature sea, h sunshine/day:

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Okt Nov Dec
J F M A M J J A S O N D
  °C day 12 13 15 18 22 26 29 29 26 22 17 14
  °C sea 14 13 14 15 18 21 24 25 23 21 18 16
  h sunshine 4 5 5 7 8 9 10 10 8 6 4 3

Untouched nature

So far the Cilento has been spared mass tourism and therefore presents itself as a largely intact 'piece of nature'. In 1991, large parts were declared a National Park - an area of 181,000 ha from the Alburni mountains in the north down to the coast in the south.

Since the area has been put under protection, its flora and fauna have become even richer and more varied. Today it ranges from different kinds of woodpeckers, warblers, stonechats, herons and eagles to butterflies, boars, foxes, wolves and otters (in fact, more than 60 percent of the Italian otters live along the 3.4 km of the Calore gorge near Felitto!) and from Orchis, violets, Ophrys orchids, anemones to all kinds of primroses (Primula Palinurensis!).

Marine protected areas are found near Marina di Camerota in the south and near Santa Maria di Castellabate in the north.

In and on the border of the Cilento, the international environmental organization WWF maintains two protected areas:

Symbol of the "Parco del Persano" (near Serre, north of the Cilento) is the otter, the "biological indicator" for the quality of water and habitat. It is not easy to catch sight of and watch the "Master of the River", but its traces can be discovered every now and then. Willows, alders and reeds are typical for the vegetation near the River Sele; but poplars, daffodils, irises, amongst others, are also found in the protected area. Other mammals living there, apart from the otters, are polecats, weasels, badgers and wild boars. During winter season you find thousands of aquatic birds such as herons, cormorants and ducks, in spring even the kite. The waters are rich in various species of fish.

"Parco del Bussento", founded in 1995, is located in the southern Cilento, near Morigerati. At the bottom of the gorge, embedded in an impressive landscape, flows the Bussento River. Mosses, ferns, willows and alders grow on and along its banks; holm oaks, ash trees as well as macchia 'adorn' the slopes. The large number of native animal species, some even endangered, prove that this valuable ecosystem must be and is worth being protected - wild cats and wolves too call it their home. The sky is 'home' to hawks, kestrels and kites, the waters of the Bussento to trout, crayfish, crabs and otters.

Both WWF projects can be visited.

Calendar of flowers

The Cilento with its rich flora is a paradise for lovers of nature. Our calendar offers a choice of flowers and their time of bloom.

At Capo Palinuro, a place shrouded in legend, you find something very special: Primula Palinurensis, the flower which is also the symbol of the National Park.

Calendar of flowers (pdf)