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Climate & nature in the Cilento

So far the Cilento has managed to evade the enticement of mass tourism. It therefore shows itself as a largely intact piece of nature.

The Cilento is part of Italy´s most southern climate zone. Swimming in the cobalt blue sea is even possible in November when water temperatures still reach 20 degrees Celsius.

 

 

 

Climate & nature in the Cilento

So far the Cilento has managed to evade the enticement of mass tourism. It therefore shows itself as a largely intact piece of nature.

The Cilento is part of Italy´s most southern climate zone. Swimming in the cobalt blue sea is even possible in November when water temperatures still reach 20 degrees Celsius.

 

 

Mediterranean climate

The Cilento is part of Italy´s most southern climate zone. However, even during the hot summer months July and August dry winds from the mountains are often blowing, creating a pleasant climate. Temperatures are mild in winter, too.

For hiking tours we recommend the low season with its mild temperatures of air and sea. Swimming in the cobalt blue sea is even possible in November when water temperatures still reach 20 degrees Celsius.

Climate chart

temperature day, temperature sea, h sunshine/day:

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Okt Nov Dec
J F M A M J J A S O N D
  °C day 12 13 15 18 22 26 29 29 26 22 17 14
  °C sea 14 13 14 15 18 21 24 25 23 21 18 16
  h sunshine 4 5 5 7 8 9 10 10 8 6 4 3

Untouched nature

So far the Cilento has managed to evade the enticement of mass tourism. It therefore shows itself as a largely intact piece of nature. Great parts of it were declared National Park in 1991 - an area of 1,810 square kilometres from the Alburni mountains in the north down to the coast in the south.

Ever since the area is under protection, the world of animals and plants has become even richer and more varied. Today it covers many different kinds of woodpeckers, warblers, herons, eagles, but also butterflies, boars, foxes, wolves and otters (in fact, on the 3.4 km of the Calore Gorge near Felitto more than 60 percent of Italian otters!); from violets, anemones to all kinds of primroses (Primula Palinuro!).

Near Marina di Camerota in the south and near Santa Maria di Castellabate in the north there are oceanic parks.

In the Cilento resp. on its borders, the international environmental organisation WWF maintains two protectorates:

The symbol of the "Parco del Persano" (near Serre, north of the Cilento) is the otter, a biological indicator for the quality of water and habitat. Observing the "Master of the River" is no easy task, but its traces can be discovered all over the place. Willows, alders and reeds are typical for the vegetation near the River Sele; but also poplars, daffodils, irises grow in the protectorate. Other mammals living here are fitchews, weasels, badgers and wild boars. During the winter season you can find thousands of aquatic birds like herons, cormorants and ducks, in the spring even the kite. In the waters a rich water fauna is bustling.

Near Morigerati in southern Cilento there is "Parco del Bussento", founded in 1995. At the bottom of a gorge, embedded in impressive landscape, runs the Bussento. Its shores are covered with mosses, ferns, willows and alders. Holm oaks, ash trees and the macchia embellish its slopes. Many animal species, sometimes endangered, prove that this valuable ecosystem must be protected. Even wild cats, wolves live in the woods, hawks, kestrels and kites in the air, trouts, crayfish, crabs and otters in the waters of the Bussento.

Both WWF projects can be visited.

Calendar of flowers

The Cilento with its rich flora is a paradise for lovers of nature. Our calendar gives a choice of flowers and their time of bloom.

At Cape Palinuro, which is shrouded in legend, you will find something unique: Primula Palinurensis, the flower which is also the symbol of the National Park.

To calendar of flowers (pdf)...